LEY 27308 PDF
Ley Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre Law () was published in July and replaces this former Forestry and Wildlife Law (). Peru, Ley , Ley Forestal y de la Fauna Silvestre (), arts. 6(c) and 32; Decreto supremo no. AG, Reglamento de la Ley Forestal y de la. Ley No. , Ley de Áreas Protegidas, El Peruano, 4 July Ley No. , Ley General de Expropiaciones, El Peruano, 20 May Ley No.
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One of the most commonly cited problems was not finding the stumps of the supposedly harvested trees at the coordinates stated in the POA. Their central role is to carry out post-harvest field inspections, known as supervisions, to ensure that the concessionaire complied with both the annual operating plan and national regulations Use concession to facilitate extraction, transport, or marketing of illegally extracted timber.
Sustainable logging in the tropics is a commonly cited goal at the international level, but has been difficult to achieve on the ground in all three major tropical forest regions 12. Blue Sky1 and Justin Pine 5. Status of logging concessions in the Peruvian Amazon. These resolutions contain information pertaining to infractions and criteria for canceling concessions established in the Forestry Law Article 18 and the implementing regulation Articles 91 and Acquisition, transformation, or marketing of illegally extracted timber.
These GTFs are used to 72308 a Balance of Extraction, which works as a type of debit system for monitoring the volume of each pey extracted that year from each parcel In particular, illegal logging is widespread throughout the tropics, and corruption is a commonly cited cause 345678. The unobtained resolutions were for newly supervised concessions and were emitted after we closed our data-collection process.
Active – not Supervised Vigente.
However, comprehensive and quantitative analyses of precisely how existing legal frameworks facilitate this illegal logging are rare. Here, we focus on the Peruvian Amazon and analyze official information to better understand both the geographic scale and documented legal violations related to illegal logging.
Logging Concessions Enable Illegal Logging Crisis in the Peruvian Amazon
2708 Volume non-cedar documented in Balance of Extraction not from concession unit. Concessions labeled in our system as Active—not Supervised or Decision Pending encompass: Failure to pay harvesting rights within the established timeframe. At the heart of the problem is that authorities only check the regulatory documents in transport or at port arrival, well after the timber has left the forest. Failure to comply with the General Forest Management Plan.
For example, leu the concessionaire harvested a tree, the inspector should find evidence, such as a freshly cut stump, at lye location. However, if the logging concessions are in fact facilitating illegal logging within protected areas and indigenous territories, this goal cannot be met.
Land-use allocation protects the Peruvian Amazon. In nearly all of these cases Furthermore, our results indicate that the pre-harvest regulatory framework, particularly in regards to CITES-listed cedar species, is also clearly not working.
Ley Nº 28852 – Ley de promoción de la inversión privada para la reforestación y agroforestería.
Until the legal system shifts the focus away from transit documents and towards verifying extraction of wood at the source and the subsequent chain of custody, widespread illegal logging will likely persist. Of the supervised concessions in Loreto, we obtained the resolutions for Instead, they become a tradable item and enable loggers to launder timber extracted outside of authorized areas Promote timber extraction through a third party.
Unauthorized timber extraction or extraction outside authorized zone. Support for research was provided by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Bioscience 62— We focus on the technical aspects driving the overall illegal logging crisis and do not address the important associated social issues.
Based on the information in the approved POA, a concessionaire may remove timber from a concession.
Results and discussion We grouped the logging concessions into four categories based on whether or not they have been supervised and the results of those supervisions Figure 1Table 1. Forest policy reform and the organization of logging in Peruvian Amazonia. Another common problem was that the extracted trees documented in the Balance of Extraction were not actually extracted from the indicated parcel.
Under the current system, the two main ways to identify illegal logging—discovery of timber in transit without GTFs or post-harvest OSINFOR inspection—come far too late to be effective In summary, we find that the following scenario is common: For more information on 2730 related to indigenous communities, indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation, labor and human rights violations, and corruption, see the following works 141819 Until there is a significantly improved regulatory system in place, consisting of both improved enforcement 273308 legal reforms, it will remain difficult to control the Peruvian forestry sector and effectively restrict logging to authorized areas Spatial data of logging concessions.