Common name: Indrajao • Assamese: dhulkari, dudkhuri • Bengali: kurchi, কুটজ kutaja • Gujarati: કડવો ઇન્દ્રજવ kadavo indrajav • Hindi: कडवा इंद्रजव. Echites pubescens Buch.-Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. (). E. antidysenterica (L.) Roxb. in Flemm. in As. Res. (), partly, as to specimens. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Colin Wenham Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Bart Wursten Garura section of Mazowe River Game.

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Natural reproduction is abundant owing to regular and copious seeding from an early age, comparative immunity of the plant to damage by animals and its power of recovery from injury. Indian Endemicity Geographic Entity. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 39 In Puhescens the species is successfully intercropped with field crops.

Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. Send a request for permission. Juvenile plants are more susceptible to damage by fire than older ones.

Plant species composition on two rock outcrops from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India Desc: Tree Height 6 m. BoxAH Pubescenns, Netherlands.

Holarrhena pubescens can be propagated by seed, either by direct sowing or by raising seedlings in a nursery. Technology Biodiversity in India.

Holarrhena pubescens – Indrajao

Development of sustainable collection methods is recommended and the possibilities for using leaves or seed instead of stem and root bark deserve investigation. Common Dryland Trees of Karnataka: In addition, triacanthine stimulates the development of mature red blood cells and acts on experimental anaemia in rabbits. Many of the pregnane derivatives can be used as a starting material for the partial synthesis of pharmaceutical steroids, such as adrenocortical hormones corticosteroids and sex hormones e.

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Holarrhena pubescens flowering plant in pot. Ecorce de conessie Fr.

Holarrhena pubescens

In vitro antimicrobial activity of holarrifineol isolated from the stem bark of Holarrhena antidysenterica. The stem bark, root bark and seeds of Holarrhena pubescens yield more than 40 alkaloids. Outside India there is no commercial production, and this deserves more attention, given the easy propagation and holsrrhena of Holarrhena pubescens.

The bark has astringent, anthelminthic, stomachic, febrifugal and tonic properties. Document specific search options Title. Wageningen Agricultural University Papers 96—1. The seeds contain conessine, norconessine, conamine and conarrhimine.

Though sensitive to frost, the plant recovers easily from damage.

Fresh seeds have a high percentage of germination, but in seeds more than one year old the viability is low. Flora of Fergusson College campus, Pune, India: Checklists specific search options Observed during. General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat.

Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens x – k – jpg www.

Holarrhena pubescens – Useful Tropical Plants

Holarrhena pubescens Distribution of Holarrhena pubescens Nerium sinense Hunter ex Ridl. Seeds narrowly oblong, 9—16 mm long, grooved, glabrous, with a dense tuft of 2. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. The seed usually germinates in 2—3 weeks. Although Holarrhena pubescens has been known as a medicinal plant since historic times, data on its production and international trade are scarce.


Alkaloid production by plant cell suspension culture of Holarrhena antidysenterica: It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. The bark is mostly mixed with cow urine and apply it in affected parts. Fruit of 2 terete elongated follicular mericarps connected at the tip and then free, 25 x 1 cm; seeds 8 mm, oblong, with tuft of silky brown hairs at the apex.

Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e. Although slow in action compared with emetine, it is less toxic and can be administered orally. Holarrhena pubescens occurs in dry evergreen to dry deciduous forest, scrub woodland, savanna, or in rocky localities, often near watercourses, up to m altitude.

It is one of the best drug for Diarrhoea. Its steroid alkaloids may be useful for synthesis of pharmaceutical products.

India Biodiversity Portal

A revision of Holarrhena R. Holarrhena pubescens Holarrhena pubescens in The alkaloid content varies with the age of the tree and the season.

Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Journal of Basic Microbiology 45 2: