Journal: Folia Historiae Artium Publisher: () Polska Akademia Nauk * Oddzial w Krakowie ISSN (P) ISSN (L) There are no additional. Shelfmark: Universit├Ątsbibliothek Heidelberg, ZST C. Title: Folia Historiae Artium, T. 9 (). Contributor: Dobrowolski, Tadeusz ( ), Polska Akademia Nauk. Oddzia┼é w Krakowie. Komisja Teorii i Historii.

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Luther s raised historixe directs the viewer towards the depiction of the Lord s Supper celebrated in the proper, apostolic way, which was restored thanks to him. Die Cranach-Werkstatt in Weimar, ed. Thus, by appropriately exhibiting his chosen traits or underscoring such of his actions that in the best way supported the propagandistic line of the new confession, he was soon turned into an histiriae mythical figure or the Luther of historians.

Angenend, Heilige, pp as in note Relatively less attention has been devoted to Cranach s official portraits of Luther, which had played a much more important role in shaping his iconography. Nevertheless, one should also note much earlier works in which distinct suggestions of such a mode of representing the Reformer had appeared.


: Polish writings on art history

Folia Historiae Artium Seria Nowa, t. Scribner, Incombustible Luther, p. Lutero, Opere scelte, ed. Schilling, Martin Luther, p.

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Angenend, Heilige und Reliquien. Schwarz Lausten, Reformationen i Danmark, Copenhagen,pp. Such a designation had appeared in the circles of theologians associated with the Marburg s Herrgotts Kanzelei, who, at the turn of the s tried to substantiate the conviction that Luther s theological works were the only valid formula of interpreting the Gospels, and one that should be upheld by all supporters of the Reformation.

Treu, Luther zwischen Kunst as in note 9 Images and Sacraments], published inLuther wrote that Flia altarpieces must not be objects of veneration, but being especially eloquent testimonies of faith they should rather instruct the faithful.

This composition was suggested by Luther himself who, in one of his table talks, recorded insaid: To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors.

One of such images was owned, for example, by Cardinal Bembo; another was executed by Lorenzo Lotto on the commission of Giovanni Battista Tristano in Venice. Vocelka, Vienna,pp Numerous examples of Luther s likenesses have been assembled in the compilation: Wartburg Stuftung in Eisenach, Pressmitteilung, structure of the classification of Luther s iconography proposed by Treu will serve as an excellent tool for ordering artiym apparently jumbled material and at the same time will inspire historlae undertake further studies on representations of the Reformer in art.


Bott, Nuremberg,passim; G. Its central panel shows St John the Baptist and Luther standing side by side at the historize of the crucified Christ. Hegner, Lucas Cranach d.

Obviously, it still has to be supplemented with new groups of images and particular iconographic formulas should be illustrated with new examples, a task I have undertaken in the present paper. Rolska- -Boruch, Lublin,pp See C. Jahrhunderts, Frankfurt am Main, Plastik-Luther.

Hrachovec, Maria honoranda, non adoranda. Such studies will surely be helped by other articles contained in the book under discussion, featuring analyses of Lutherbilder produced by theologians, preachers, historians or filmmakers, which, in turn, must have exerted profound influence on painters and sculptors as well uistoriae their patrons.

Nationale Sonderaustelung Luther und die Deutchen. Paleotti, Discorso intorno alle immagini sacre e profane, ed. Lutero, Opere scelte, 7pp R. An interesting instance of such a contemporisation, used in order to defeat Luther and his teachings, is a painting by Barthel Bruyn the Elder, The Temptation of Christ, in which the Satan has the facial features of the Reformer of Wittenberg and is wearing his characteristic gown.

The title of Treu s article suggests that Luther s historical iconography is a bit jumbled, which may result from the fact that it is not easy to decide whether Luther s celebratory likenesses should be considered sacred images of a man of God or lay portraits of an outstanding individual.

The vision of Luther, a prophet enlightened by the Holy Ghost, who faithfully conveyed Divine teachings to people, had become the foundation of Lutheran orthodoxy which crystallised after numerous theologians and pastors had signed the Formula of Concord in According to Treu, this vision found a particularly meaningful expression in a print executed by the Nuremberg artist Hans Troschel the Younger on the occasion of the Reformation anniversary in [Fig.


Walter, Der Ketzer Luther. Firpo, Artisti, gioiellieri, eretici. Even the presence of his image in the Weimar altarpiece should not, in the light of his teachings, artkum provoked such practices, since in his dissertation, Wider die himmlischen Propheten, von den Bildern und Sakrament [Against the Heavenly Prophets in the Matter of 26 G.

Treu, Luther zwischen Kunst, pp as fopia note 9. Luther spent almost the entire heretic period of his life in Wittenberg, a city located in the Saxon province, whose population barely exceeded two thousand inhabitants.

All these men are enlightened by the light of the Holy Trinity depicted by means of God s name inscribed in Aryium, the Dove of the Holy Ghost, and an image of the crucified Christ.

Zuletzt gesuchte Begriffe:

Treu, Luther jistoriae Kunst as in note 9 The confrontation of Paul III with Luther s portrait was most likely Schorn s own licentia histkriae, but attempts at bringing the Reformer to life by means of his like nesses were fairly frequent in various European countries in the sixteenth century.

Scribner, Incombustible Luther, pp as in note 3 ; A. Robert Bellarmin und die Kontroversliteratur, in Martin Luther. Vokoun, Luther, pp as in note Michalski, Reformation and the Visual Arts.

Luther, Against the Prophets, paragraphs as in note 27 ; See also S. Plagemann, Munich,pp ; C. Dau, Luther Examined and Reexamined: Ilg, Zur Vorstellung, pp as in note 1. Scribner, Incombustible Luther, pp artuum in note 3. According to Luther and the teachings of the Evangelical Church developed under his influence, saints should not be venerated, but as stipulated by the Augsburg Confession of hiatoriae presented to the faithful, so that we may follow their faith and good deeds in our own callings in life.

Thompson, Milwaukee,p. Zeller, Prediger der Evangelismus. Nitti, Turin, M.