[1] Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.

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Hoover Hoover,domestic scale economies are specific to companies; the economies of localizing – to a certain branch, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical arias, and the urbanization economies are specific to cities, where there are clusters of companies from different branches.

Dosescu, Tatiana Corina

After the study it was identified the existence of three incipient clusters, in Romania. It is known that technology and innovation do not develop in isolated organizations, but in open environments, where there is interaction between competent individuals of different organizations.

The main author of the typology is Hoover Location Theory and the Shoe and Leather Industry – and The Location of Economic Activitywho believes that internal economies of scale are specific for companies, localization economies for certain branches, sub-branches, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical areas E.

A region may become vulnerable if held portfolio of clusters is too concentrated. Industrial clusters are not simply agglomerations of companies studied over time by A.

This sector comprises several industries with a mutual enrichment of courses and activities. Biotechnologies, transport and mobility, health and medicine, manal materials, manufacturing and engineering, aviation and space, energy and environment, ICT, micro-nano-opto.

The European Cluster Memorandum, http: In developed economies, they communicate, creating genuine network development.

LTIS – CATEDRA DE ȘTIINȚE SOCIO-UMANE | Category | Manuale Scolare

The specialty literature regarding local economic development, based on the idea of cluster starts from well-known economic theories, such as: These poles of competitiveness working in 16 economical sectors.


Romania was the partner country in the project and the final project report on Romania has identified four potential clusters occurred in Harghita County Central Region in woodworking, pottery, printing and switchgear industry.

They are rooted in the existence of specialized suppliers for certain goods, services which are shared by many other companies in that areain the existence of a local market labour which facilitates the transfer of workers from one firm to another as some of them to increase productionof the diffusion of information and innovation.

This area represented by example by Timis County, in the future may host more than one cluster in areas like textiles, shoes, software. Log In Sign Up. Project partners from seven countries, three from Western Europe Germany, Italy and United Kingdom and four from Central and Eastern Europe Czech Republic, Poland, Slovenia and Romania are investigating trough case studies the relationship between clusters, at an European level.

This is due to domestic scale economies, known as agglomerations economies. In Timis county it was identified a strong cluster in automotive, in the AutomotiVest company.

LTIS – CATEDRA DE ȘTIINȚE SOCIO-UMANE | Manual de Economie aplicată

He offered a definition of competitive agglomeration clusterstaken as a aplicat option by most of the literature on this topic: The potential clusters were identified in the textile industry from Timis and Bacau counties, software sector from Timisoara, Cluj and Bucharest, woodworking in Mures, economei the chemical industry, metal products, general purpose machinery and engines form Brasov, and the local clusters in different areas such as – leather and footwear, electrical components, telecommunications equipment and radio and TV.

In the three countries there are two types of cluster support schemes: Development of automotive components sector in the Western Region was conducted by both local specialized societies, and by attracting foreign investors. Qplicata demonstrated that regional growth pole has a large number of development sectors, located in urban areas and which are able to generate increased economic activity around the entire area of influence.


Using statistical data relatively recently by the European Xplicata Observatoryour paper aims at revealing the fact that clusters are linked to prosperity and that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for the European Union member states.

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It is worth noting that once the specificity is Timis County is also given by the high level of Italian investment in the area; they brought the principle of the industrial district, the Italian model of cluster. Although clustering companies is naturally, Romania can encourage cluster development by supporting efforts that emerging group of companies can do to realize the full potential merger. Dconomie resources are exhausted and the work force revolts, industries relocate themselves.

Looking in particular the sustainable development of industrial structures, Porter demonstrated the influence of competitive relations between national industries and economic development, by the model of competitive advantages of national industries. Basically, the common point which links them are the concepts which occur in these theories, such as: The English cluster means bunch, bouquet, group.

Current Trends of the Regional Development Policy in the European … Each pole of competitiveness has its own legal personality, often form an association. Government policies should be oriented towards supporting the development of existing clusters or in training, rather than towards the creation of new clusters.

Marshall, Hoover, Perroux, Chimitz and Mills. These poles are highly entrepreneurship and have a ecojomie business environment.

Often, clusters are extending to different downstream channels and customers and laterally to manufacturers of complementary products and to the industries related by skills, technologies or common inputs.