COMPULSORY HETEROSEXUALITY ADRIENNE RICH PDF

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heterosexuality: political institution that disempowers women. guide to adrienne rich’s article compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence. about the. The phrase ‘compulsory heterosexuality’ calls attention to society’s assumptions about relationships. Read about Adrienne Rich’s explanation. COMPULSORY HETEROSEXUALITY AND. LESBIAN EXISTENCE. Adrienne Rich. Originallypublished in , when the relationship between lesbianism.

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Insead of dry but informative texts, Rich’s are always lively, emotional and beautifully written, as well as well-formulated and well-researched.

Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence by Adrienne Rich

Oct 14, Lesliemae rated it it was ok Recommends it for: Would lo I don’t take Rich’s theory of the “continuum” as meaning all women comppulsory in some way lesbian–She often mentions women throughout history who resisted marriage and created communities for themselves without men.

Pornography does not simply create a climate in which sex and violence are interchangeable; it widens the beterosexuality of behavior considered acceptable from men in heterosexual intercourse-behavior which reiteratively strips women of their autonomy, dignity, and sexual potential, including the potential of loving and being loved by women in mutuality and integrity.

Firstly, one must take note that the surrounding contexts cause this to be to some degree a reactionary text, following and taking up arms against essentialist second-wave feminism.

This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. On a more radical note, Rich describes the possibility that all women exist on a lesbian continuum, and we see each other moving in and out of this space throughout the lives of women. Lists with This Book. Furthermore, the ignorance of a female’s choice in sexuality has caused her position in society to be thought of as less, and more importantly, secondary to that of a man.

Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence – Wikipedia

Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia’s inclusion policy. It almost illustrates a cognitive bias towards heterosexuality that shapes all other modes of being as wrong, simply in order to safeguard heterosexual hegemony. In Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existenceshe begins by criticising the works of adienne writers who made the assumption in their writings that all women are compulsoryy heterosexual, or ignored or dismissed the existence and validity of lesbian relationships.

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Apr 17, Iva rated it liked it Shelves: In the workplace, for example, lesbian women heterosexualith often still sexualized and forced to play the role of the ‘heterosexual female’. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.

Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Rich holds that compulsory heterosexuality denies women of their own sexuality and comfortability in exploring their bodies and those of others.

Jun 14, Sol Camarena Medina added it.

Post was not sent – check your email addresses! To separate those women stigmatized as “homosexual” or “gay” from the complex continuum of female resistance to enslavement, and attach them to a male pattern, is to falsify our history.

Email required Address never made public. There is nothing lesbian about a heterosexual mother breastfeeding her baby, and that suggestion is more than a little creepy and gross; nor are women preparing a dead woman’s body for a funeral participating in an act of lesbian solidarity.

She has very good points about women treatment within our patriarchal society, the political and economic institutions that debase women in every aspect of their lives to serve male ambitions, there are plenty of frustrating example of female maltreatment and basically I kept highlighting favourite parts throughout the text! Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Rich further quotes from Kathleen Barry that: InRich wrote, “Reflections on Compulsory Heterosexuality” in order to address the criticism she received on her former essay, “Compulsory Heterosexuality”.

Rayna [Rapp] Reiter New York: This essay discusses the way that our cultural assumptions about sexual identity erase, sublimate and destroy the lesbian, and more broadly, any non-heterosexual, sexual identity.

The lesbian continuum is the overall “range—through each woman’s life and throughout history—of woman-identified experiences, not simply the fact that a woman has had or consciously desired genital sexual experience with another woman”. Log In Sign Up. It can definitely awake women’s consciousness over their objectification and suppressed sexuality. Yet, if we forget about this ideology and experiment in order to see what one really needs, then it can truly be a woman’s decision instead of a man’s.

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Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence

I also think this has limited our efforts to tackle sexual violence and in producing a clear and explicit understanding of sexual consent.

It would perhaps be useful to employ psychoanalytic feminist theorizing at moments it would seem like she’s negating the innateness Rich struggles through the tautology that is the socially constructed versus innate and therefore, timeless, biological, not historically contingent arguments about lesbianism, and homosexuality.

That volume, chosen by W. Conclusively, women feared to raise the issue of female-female relationships and desires compuslory fear of losing social status both amongst women and men. Rich explains, “historians need to ask at every point how heterosexuality as institution has been organized and maintained through the female wage scale, the enforcement of middle-class women’s ‘leisure’, the glamorization of so-called sexual liberation, the withholding of education from women, the imagery of ‘high art’ and popular culture, the mystification of rlch ‘personal sphere, and much else”.

This essay discusses the way that our cultural assumptions about sexual identity erase, sublimate and destroy the lesbian, and m I’ve read this before, and am reading it a second time for this month’s reading group meeting. By better understanding the sexual harassment and heterodexuality pressures that women are placed, the desire for male dominance and the institution of heterosexual male identity becomes clear.

However, it’s an important read due to its influence on later feminist and lesbian scholarship. Want to Read saving….

Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Books by Adrienne Rich. University of Chicago Press Journals. Rich’s theory demonstrated what was normal, expected, required, demanded of all women.

In no way was Rich seeking a lesbian revolution against heterosexuality.