The Body-cathexis Scale is examined to assess its psychometric properties. Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. The Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) was the first psychometric instrument devised to measure body dissatisfaction. In this study we report the. The oriainal Bodv-cathexis Scale (BCS) used by Secord and Jourard () consisted of a list of 46 parts or aspects of the body. These were rated by.

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Cultural scripting, particularly male socialization that fosters exercise involvement and physical fitness, may be partially responsible for higher body cathexis scores among males, since participation in fitness activities tends to yield significant improvement in body satisfaction.

Cathedis, a negative self-concept would be expected of an individual who perceives his or her body as falling short of culturally-determined ideals. The loadings for each item on the rotated factors is shown in Table 2.

Total body cathexis BC is obtained by summing the ratings for each of the 46 characteristics and dividing by total number of items. The BCS has been used in catheis variety of studies showing relationships to parental attitudes Remy,body size Jourard and Secord,somatic symptoms Johnson, and self-esteem Weinburg, Because body image and body weight are a high priority in western culture, men and women alike face gender-based societal pressures to achieve an ideal body image, which in turn influences feelings about the body and preoccupation with size, shape, weight, and appearance.

The resulting a was 0.

The czthexis of body cathexis: The determinancy and factor correlations are shown in Table 3. Sex differences in body cathexis associated with exercise involvement.

Respondents below the age of 17 were sampled from schools in Cork city and the remainder were students at University College, Cork; of the sample were female and were male. While the body has been studied by psychologists from numerous different viewpoints, few recent reports of systematic empirical research into feelings about the catgexis exist.

Consequently, ecale suggested by the results of both the body cathexis and self cathexis scales which represent attitudes svale conceptual aspects of the self in correlation to the bodylow body cathexis is significantly associated with anxiety, insecurity, and negative perceptions of the self. Only six questionnaires were dropped due to inappropriate responding. This page was last edited on 14 Mayat The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 50 2 Nevertheless, the seven-factor solution, upon rotation, showed clear simple structure and ease of interpretation.


Clothing and Textiles Research Journal8 2 In order for simple structure to be achieved the factors were rotated obliquely. It must be emphasized that such a procedure relaxes the criterion of detenninancy considerably and so no strong claim for the uniqueness of this solution can be made here.

This finding further undermines claims of a multidimensional scale. The means and standard deviations of each item were calculated to observe their ability to discriminate between Ss.

Retrieved from ” https: Therefore, dissatisfaction with the fit of garments can lead to sccale body cathexis and negative attitudes regarding overall appearance, body dimensions, and weight. Using scales of body cathexis and self cathexis, the Maslow Test of Psychological Security-Insecurity, and an anxiety-related body cathexis homonym test, Secord and Jourard concluded gody the body and self tend to be cathected to the same degree.

Body cathexis and satisfaction with fit of apparel.

The Italian version of the Body Cathexis Scale.

The number of items in the scale has varied over subsequent studies. Relationship among body measurements, fit satisfaction, and body cathexis. In addition to the purely kinaesthetic information gleaned from the body, much of the self-concept is dependent upon cultural attitudes to the physical attributes it possesses.

Journal of Consulting Psychology. No item showed a standard deviation small enough to justify its exclusion from the catgexis.

A psychometric investigation into the body-cathexis scale | Sean Hammond –

The factor correlations boddy that they are not mutually independent as the smallest inter-factor correlation is 0. The analysis was undertaken in two stages.

Low body cathexis and preoccupation can contribute to the development of eating disorders among female adolescents in particular, often a result of societal pressures and expectations to achieve the ideal, thin body type. Zcale is argued, on the basis of this investigation, that the BCS has good psychometric properties. One’s perception of his or her body and the feelings associated with this perceived image greatly influence overall satisfaction with the self and can predict levels of self-esteem.


Clothing and Textiles Research Journal31 3bovy Thorndike recommends a sample size of at least if the standard error in the inter-item correlation matrix is to be minimized.

A Pearson product-moment inter-item correlation matrix was calculated and a maximum likelihood factor analysis was performed Joreskog, There appears to be support for the use of the BCS in self-concept research and yet, despite this, there has been a paucity of psychometric investigation into the scale Wylie, ; Crandall, ; Bums, These were rated by respondents according to a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strong positive to strong negative cathexis.

Theory, M easurement, Development and Behaviour. Body cathexis is defined as the degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction one feels towards various parts and aspects of his or her own body.

Body cathexis

This is a prerequisite of replicable factors. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The results suggest that the measure has unidimensional properties. As the findings of their study confirm, Muth and Cash suggest that the gender-differential societal and personal standards of body attractiveness place women at a higher predisposition for less favorable, more invested, and more distressing body image attitudes.

However, this analysis does suggest that a number of aspects of the body-self coalesce to form the strong unitary trait of body-cathexis. It is recommended as a scale for research into the role of body feelings in self-concept and personality. Click here to sign up. Body image and eating disorders. Although seven factors were extracted, showing clear simple structure, they cannot he held to be very useful as independent operational constructs due to lack of determinancy.