Jewish Practice Mitzvahs & Traditions Prayer Jewish Prayers Grace After Meals Birkat Hamazon: Grace After Bread (Bentching). Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon known in English as the Grace After Meals is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Halakha (“collective body of Jewish. Birkat Hamazon can be said sitting at the same table or in view of the same table where the meal was eaten. At weddings or Shabbat meals, it is often said.

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On Sabbathsfestivalsand Rosh Hodeshthe word magdil is changed to migdol. None of these variations is hamazonn used in practice: If a Kohen is present he should be given the honor O. It concludes with u’vneh yerushalayima prayer for the rebuilding of Jerusalem.

This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat Although the Talmud states that women are obligated to say birkat hamazon and that accordingly, three women can constitute a zimmun and lead it Berachot 45blater authorities, such as Maimonides and the Mishnah Berurahheld that women were exempt from leading a zimmun on grounds that women were not generally sufficiently educated to know how.

Before the closing formula, there hajazon an insertion for Sabbaths, Rosh Chodesh, or festivals. All of these texts follow the same structure described above, but the wording varies.

According to the Mishnah Berurahthis does not fulfill the terms of the obligation at all; but according to the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch On Rosh Hodesh and on festivals ya’aleh v’yavo is inserted before u’vnehmaking appropriate reference to the day.

Before the actual Grace is recited an introductory psalm is said. The texts of these vary, but all versions contain a prayer for the host and for those present, a prayer for the coming of Elijah the prophet, and a prayer that we may be worthy to see the days of the Messiah.


Psalmeponymously called Shir Hama’alot Song of Ascentswhich expresses the Jewish hope of return to Zion following their final redemption, is widely recited by Ashkenazi Jews before Birkat Hamazon on ShabbatJewish holidaysand other days on which the penitential Tachanun prayer is not recited.

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice.

Birkat Hamazon

The Torahfollowed by the Talmudprescribes a benediction after eating as well Deut. This invitation is called a zimmun. Therefore, with the expression of thanks for food we also pray for peace, which will make it possible for us to enjoy then blessings” Mateh Moshehquoted in Landau, Tselota d’Avraham2: Archived from the original on 2 April While the previous benedictions were expressions of gratitude for past favors, this is a prayer for the future flowering of Zion and Jerusalem and for the continued blessing of God.

Although the practice is based on a ruling recorded in the Talmud, whether or not this ruling is still binding is a matter of dispute among various Orthodox communities, given that the practice of eating with knives and forks seems to remove the practical reason for it. Retrieved 16 August Since this is an ideal and a hope rather than a fact, it is better said in a hushed voice. This hhamazon needs additional citations for verification. AbrahamIsaacJacobMoses and Joshua will all claim unworthiness to birkzt the grace and the Cup of Blessing will pass to King Davidwho will accept the honour.

Birkat Hamazon – Wikipedia

The final passage, y’ru et adonai is a collection of biblical verses. On the verse “And I will give peace in the land” Lev. If one forgets al ha-Nissimone does not repeat Birkat Hamazon, although one recites a special Harachaman toward the very end, followed by the paragraph Bimeiwhich describes the respective holidays. Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Pages using deprecated image syntax Articles containing Yiddish-language text.


It is held that this, though a chovah duty[9] is not a mitzvah a commandmentas the practice was instituted for health reasons specifically, to avoid the danger of touching the eyes with harmful salts. If this prayer is also forgotten, nothing need be done. If ten or more adults are present haazon word eloheinu is added after n’varech.

Birkas Hamazon – ברכת המזון (Bentching) – Grace After Meals –

The Talmud relates that at the time of the Resurrection of the Deada special feast will take place. A special hajazon dispenser can be used to dispense the water, [10] but does not need to be.

These are said silently out of consideration for any poor people who may be present at the table. A number of Modern Orthodox authorities [7] have held that because of improvements in women’s religious education women can now do so, and some say that they are now obligated to.

Blessing of the Sun. An additional abbreviated form of birkat hamazon in Ladino, called Ya Comimosmay also be said.

Jewish Prayers: Grace After Meals

This quorum of three is called a mezuman from the name of the prayer, Birkat Zimun from the verb z-m-n”to invite”.

The honor of leading the mezuman is accorded by the host to the most distinguished person present Sep. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Shacharit Preparation Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings.