The bitter struggle that rolled back and forth across the North African desert was the first major Allied victory of the Second World War. ODAL!Music: ODAL!Video: channel/rfyxEnAH7Uy. North Africa campaigns, (–43), in World War II, series of battles for but significant events that bound the Axis Powers and culminated in a world war.

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The American president immediately offered help.

The Germans ran into skillfully prepared anti-tank defenses and lost 52 tanks. Bradley, took Mateur on May 3 19400-43 Bizerte on May 7. Worse still, the Afrika Korps had barely 30 194-43 fit for action, whereas the British could field more than All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Webarchive template wayback links All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from April Use dmy dates from May Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with NARA identifiers.

September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed in by 19 militants…. In addition, the French fleet was captured at Toulon by the Italians, something which did them little good as the main portion of the fleet had been scuttled to prevent their use by the Axis. On November 8,just four days after Rommel started his long withdrawal, the British and Americans had executed Operation Torch, the Northwest African landings.

North African Campaign

Wikimedia Commons has media related to North African campaign. In —42 the German Afrika Korps in Libya was supplied across the Mediterranean through the small port….

By May 28, the Axis armored units behind the Allied lines were in trouble.

The Afrika Korps had only 90 tanks left, while the Eighth Army had more than The invasion of Sicily followed forcces months later. Internet URLs are the best. That redeployment was well in progress when, soon after midday on November 3, an overriding order came from Hitler, insisting that el-Alamein must be held at all costs. When the Eighth Army launched its next offensive, in mid JanuaryRommel fell back again, making an almost continuous mile km withdrawal, past Tripolito the Mareth Line inside the Tunisian frontier.


Information gleaned via British Ultra code-breaking intelligence proved critical to Allied success in North Africa. Thus, over the course of 10 weeks Allied forces had destroyed the Italian Tenth Army and reached El Agheila, takingprisoners of war in the process. Before he had to face the rapidly closing Montgomery, Rommel afriva to eliminate the threat of the British First Army to his north.

World War II: North Africa Campaign | HistoryNet

The various Free French factions were finally united and organized under the Allied command. Consequently, the landings met no practical opposition in Algiers, and the city was captured on the first day along with the entire Vichy African command. The delay doomed the offensive. On 30 March Wavell signalled, ‘I do not believe he can make any big effort for another month. Graziani apparently had no intention of going any deeper into Egypt. Bengal famine of Chinese famine of —43 Greek Famine of Dutch famine of —45 Vietnamese Famine of Most of those forces came out of Cyrenaica, which left Wavell only five brigades in Libya.

The British regrouped along the Gazala—Bir Hakeim line, just west of Tobruk, and both sides received additional reinforcements. When Benito Mussolini took Italy into the war, the Italian forces in North and East Africa were overwhelmingly superior in numbers to the scanty British forces opposing them.

Hitler also gave the order for the German military in occupied France to take control of the remainder of Vichy France. Rommel garrisoned these positions, reinforcing the battle-group and ordering it onto the defensive. The British, however, had made extensive preparations around El Alamein, based on a plan developed by Auchinleck and adopted by Montgomery.

North Africa campaigns

Nevertheless, the wedge that had been driven into the German defenses in the notrh looked so menacing that local defending commanders threw in their tanks piecemeal in efforts to stanch the British advance. In reaction, the Egyptians granted Britain permission to station relatively large forces in their territory. Keep Exploring Britannica September 11 attacks.

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Seven weeks passed before the British launched their offensive. The Axis forces could not overcome Allied air and sea power—both of which enhanced Allied logistics and degraded Axis logistics. During the winter, there followed a period of stalemate during which time both sides continued to build up their forces. Despite heavy air attacks, the Tiger convoy arrived on May 12 after losing only one transport that carried 57 tanks.

On June 15, German tanks reached the coast and Rommel shifted his attention to the Tobruk garrison. Victory for the Allies in this campaign immediately led to the Italian Campaignwhich culminated in the downfall of the fascist government in Italy and the elimination of Germany’s main European ally. After the American debacle at Kasserine Pass, command of the U.

The former commander in chief in India, Gen. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Exhausted, both sides paused to regroup.

North African Campaign – Wikipedia

Erwin Rommel assumed command of the German units that later became the famed Afrika Korps. La Seconde Guerre Mondiale, vol4: It was only on the second morning of the battle, after additional night attacks by the infantry, that four brigades of armour had succeeded in deploying 6 miles 10 km beyond the original front.

The Africca captured both British generals from their unescorted staff car on the night of April 6. By April 11 the British had onrth swept out of Cyrenaica and over the Egyptian frontier. Help us improve this article!