Image of Lepidosiren paradoxa (South American lungfish) Etymology: Lepidosiren: Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, seiren = a mythological serpent, (Ref. Expert(s). Expert: Eschmeyer, W. N.. Notes: California Academy of Sciences. Reference for: Lepidosiren paradoxa. Other Source(s). Source: Catalog of Fishes. Aestivation in the South American lungfish, Lepidosiren paradoxa: effects on cardiovascular function, blood gases, osmolality and leptin levels.

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Berra, Economic Importance for Humans: Algae that are large and photosynthetic. There has not been a lot of research on this species and the specimens that have been identified lack information on their paradoza.

ADW: Lepidosiren paradoxa: INFORMATION

The fins are connected to the shoulder by a single bone, which is a marked difference from most fish, whose fins usually have at least four bones at their base, and a marked similarity with nearly all land-dwelling vertebrates. Lepidosiren paradoxa breed during the rainy months when adults are able to move into areas that have been flooded and build nests Alves-Gomes et al.

The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Because of their relationship with both fish and tetrapods, lungfish are a very important evolutionary step.

They are mostly inactive, laying in the muddy or shallow water close to the surface in order to breathe.

Lepidosiren paradoxa

This species does not provide direct economic benefits to humans. Summary page Point data Common names Photos.

A Naturalist in Brazil: South American lungfish capture prey by suction feeding. After this time, they become strictly air breathers and their gills begin to regress Any role that they play as a prey item is largely unknown. Lepidosirenidae ” On-line pdf. Breeding season Breeding occurs during the rainy months of the year. They live by themselves in burrows that they construct in swamps or lakes Alves-Gomes et al.


Moderate vulnerability 43 of Lepidosiren paradoxa was the first living species of lungfish to be formally named Alves-Gomes et al.

Ecosystem Roles This species influences the neotropical ecosystem of the Amazon Basin. Retrieved from ” https: While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. They use tooth plates, an paradoxw cranial rib which serves as the site for the origin of the muscle that depresses the hyoid apparatusand a depressor mandibulae to manipulate and chew food prior to swallowing.

Lepidosiren paradoxa – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Retrieved 30 June Juvenile lungfish feed on insect larvae and snailswhile adults are omnivorous, lepidosuren algae and shrimp to their diets, crushing them with their heavily mineralized tooth-plates. Retrieved 18 May Adults are omnivorous and feed on aquatic vertebrates, invertebrates such as snails, clams and shrimp, and algae Ref. Wikispecies has information related to Lepidosiren paradoxa. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey.

South American lungfish

In times of drought, they can burrow in the mud up to 50 cm to avoid drying out Berra, It possesses two lungs without bronchial tubes. Lepidosiren paradoxa South American lungfish Facebook. It does provide intellectual benefits; lungfish represent an important step in vertebrate evolution and their origin provide insights into the origin of tetrapods Alves-Gomes et al.


Other behaviors, such as social structures and interaction with other species are largely unknown due to the lack of research on this species. Bemis and Lauder, Juveniles feed on larval insects and snails. South American lungfish also share an autostylic jaw paravoxa where the palatoquadrate is fused to the cranium and powerful adductor jaw muscles with the extant Dipnoi.

Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. It lepidosirsn its metabolism during this period of hibernation.

There is very little information on the mating systems of Lepidosiren paradoxa. Hydraulic transport achieved by movements of the hyoid apparatus is used to position prey within the mouth.

There are no known adverse effects of Lepidosiren paradoxa on humans.

During drought, they can burrow into mud to 50 cm below the surface and become dormant until the environment becomes more hospitable Can survive low oxygen levels in its habitat by means of its very reduced branchial apparatus. When the rainy season begins, they come out and begin mating.