BATTLE OF HYDASPES PDF

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A few points to note, assuming Alexander won. 1. Alexander, after defeating Porus, impressed by him makes him the governor of all his territories in India. Hydaspes (Old Indian Vitaçtā, modern Jhelum): river in Pakistan, famous for a battle of Alexander the Great. Hydaspes, possible location of the. After destroying the last remnants of the Persian army at Gaugamela, Alexander spent the next two years occupying the heartlands of central Asia. Continuing.

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Wars of Alexander the Great: Battle of the Hydaspes River | HistoryNet

Then others put their shoulders to the gate and with a heave sprung bttle open. Macedonian victory, annexation of kingdom of Punjab ; Porus appointed plenipotentiary Satrap of the new provinces. During a stormy night, Alexander and his army slipped away from the Jhelum through a hidden valley, out of sight of Porus. Tsouras and originally published in the June issue of Military History. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica.

The Macedonian and Greek core of his army, in particular, had been with him since he had crossed the Hellespont in BC.

Alexander had always had a fine feel for what would motivate his commanders. The Indians were poised with cavalry on both flanks, fronted by their chariots, while their center comprising infantry with war elephants stationed every fifty feet in front of them, to deter the Macedonian cavalry.

Alexander, noticing that Porus’ disposition was strongest in the center, decided to attack with his cavalry first on the flanks, having his phalanx hold back until the Indian cavalry had been neutralized [38].

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Throughout the battle, Alexander is said to have observed with hydas;es admiration the valour of Porus, and understood that Porus intended to die in combat rather than be captured.

Which state is the largest producer of uranium in India? Alexander divided his army, leaving a small force with Craterus facing Porus on the ford while taking most of the army to cross a second ford 17 miles 27 km away. Battle of the Hydaspes. In return each man would come to the aid of hydasles other if the situation warranted.

However, he crossed the swollen river during a heavy storm, without sending scouts previously. After conquering the Persian Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern India.

In the center, the Macedonian phalanx was almost broken abttle the charging elephants, but eventually drove them off, only to face the Indian infantry.

Alexander speedily disposed of Agalassa. To this he added the force of argument fired by his powerful charisma.

Hydaspes (326 BCE)

After eight years of fighting, hydasspes numbers were dwindling and they were exhausted, yet on they marched behind the Invincible One. A Macedonian king was still very much an Indo-European war chieftain whose position was more first among equals hgdaspes absolute master. At the river junction, he halted the fleet for repairs and concentrated his forces coming by land. According to Arrian, Macedonian losses amounted to 80 foot soldiers, ten horse archers, twenty of the Companions and other horsemen.

A tower, then the adjoining curtain wall, collapsed.

Battle of Hydaspes | Summary |

A third contingent, under Craterus, paralleled the first two on the western bank of the Acesines. Without the support of his men Alexander was forced to concede the issue. This was where an uninhabited, wood-covered island divided the river. India Map in Porus was kept continuously on the ot until he decided it was a bluff and relaxed. The howls from inside redoubled the efforts of the men outside trying to get through a gate in a curtain wall, until with superhuman strength gattle snapped the bolt.

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Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? But Perdiccas found the city empty, its inhabitants having already fled. In reality Alexander was already across the Hydaspes and advancing on his position.

Night was falling, and his men were exhausted. Views Read View source View history. Hydaaspes the Indian troops pushed deeper into the enemy formation their progress began to slow and then was completely halted.

Battle of the Hydaspes

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Porus himself failed to take the initiative, mainly trying to counter his opponent’s moves. If you wish to go home, you are at liberty to do so — and you may tell your people there that you deserted your Hyraspes in the midst of his enemies.

Btatle attacking, he might intimidate the enemy and at the very worst die a legendary death.